Native Americans dancing in traditional dress at the Pacific Southwest Museum

The Indian Citizenship Act was passed by the United States Congress on June 2, 1924.

The Act granted Native Americans born in US territory citizenship. Before 1924, very few Native Americans were allowed to obtain citizenship in the US.

During the previous century, the quick westward territorial expansion by white Americans reached the Pacific Ocean by the mid-1800s. Native American tribes spanning the West Coast to the East Coast were effectively absorbed by the growing imperial power of the US.

Then in 1851 — in the years after white American settlers had reached California in search for gold — Congress…

thirteen short poems about death and what it might mean.


Death is a friendly bird waiting to take you on a flight,
Death transitions you between vessels over and on.


Death is endless,
Death recycles itself and converts itself.
Energy leaves the body and wanders out into
the universe


If we are good in life, Death will be nothing to agonize about,
We will rise to Heaven, and be a part of the land of the righteous.


Death is meaningless and pointless. We all die and then we
cease to exist. Death is eternal, quiet, unconscious darkness.


To dread Death is to fear life,
we cannot live
if we fear…

Examining How Racism and Marijuana Intertwined in the 1930s

How the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was fueled by racism and instigated by greed.

The beginning of marijuana prohibition in the United States was about racism and greed more than it was about any potential dangers posed by smoking marijuana.

Less than one hundred years ago, the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed. The Marihuana Tax Act didn’t exactly ban marijuana, but it did impose what was later deemed an unconstitutional tax on everyone involved in marijuana commerce.

In practice, the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 resulted in the criminalization of marijuana, a common substance and plant that had been long used for its medicinal properties.

Within less than four decades, between 1900…

The street cars rushed by as people anxiously hung on to them while others smiled and held their hats in the air. The sidewalks were full of hungry and of focused faces. The air felt fresh and the clouds were clear under the bright sky.

Ernest stood on the crowded sidewalk. He wasn’t short but he wasn’t tall either. He was wearing a black suit with slimmed down pegged trousers up to his waist and an oversized coat. His hair was slicked back but growing long and he wore a scruffy beard that looked neat and well trimmed.

He was…

A Quick Guide

Stand up for what you believe is right and take action.

The need for politically active citizens is more important now than ever. The world is smarter, faster, and more plugged in than ever before in human history and yet we are plagued by environmental issues, gender discrimination, homophobia, racism, political and social issues, greed, and far many more problems that are holding back human progress.

Being an activist and standing up against the social injustice and other issues we see isn’t just about marching and protesting in the streets. Activism is about educating yourself and educating others around you. …

A Short Story

“What do you like?” she asked me.

She had long brown hair. A light complexion that made her light bright skin glow in the sunlight that was peering in through the window. She was wearing a long pink dress with a pair of black knee high boots.

In those days, I was mad out of my mind. High on existence and life. I was also a mess mentally. I was all over the place, lost, left for dead by my own ominous premonitions of the future of my existence. It was a pre-planned self-ransom of my soul.

“Ummmm,” I muttered…

a poem about the simple things, like…

With a joint in my hand I sleep comfortably
With a joint in my hand, I listen to The Velvet
With a joint in my hand I light the way down
a darkened…

a poem about living in the moment

We live on the edge
chasing a constantly fleeting moment,
waiting for a the next second to come
while we leave the present in the past.
we can never be full,
even with our bellies…

A Guide to Planning to The End

Manifest Success by Planning to the End and Taking Action Towards Your Goals

Individuals who have managed to come into financial, social, and political power have all arrived there through sheer perseverance and a strong desire to get to that physical or symbolic place. A desire or idea that was manifested into actionable steps and into reality.

Success very rarely arrives at your doorstep overnight. And when it does, you’re susceptible to losing it all if you’re unprepared. Similarly, if you fail to recognize when to stop, the success you’ve built becomes susceptible to collapsing under you. To create lasting success, we have to thoughtfully contemplate what it is we want.

The most…

For much of his career, Chris Benoit was considered one of the most talented technical professional wrestlers. Benoit was a Canadian-born wrestler who trained under Stu Hart’s Hart Dungeon. The same training school that produced wrestlers Bret and Owen Hart, Natalya, Brian Pilman, Chris Jericho, Roddy Piper, and Jushin Thunder Liger among other great talents. Benoit was a workhorse. He was dedicated to his craft unlike few others have ever been. He was a professional wrestler at heart but his undying passing for the squared-circle also led to Benoit’s unforeseen demise.

The Benoit tragedy is one of the darkest stories…

Jeffrey Ramos

writer, poet, and occasional photographer. still figuring out the rest

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store